Rice OM7347 Yield and Quality Depending on Lime, Cow Manure, and Mineral and Chemical Fertilizers

Nguyen Van Chuong


The use of chemical fertilizers for rice cultivation in Vietnam is at a high level. Intensive and increased crop in rice cultivation depletes the soil of nutrients and decreases rice yield every year. The main objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the combined application of cow manure (CM), lime, and mineral organic fertilizer (HCK 423) to soil quality and rice yield, with the aim of reducing the use of inorganic fertilizers and environmental pollution and ensuring sustainable crop production in agriculture. Therefore, the use of organic and mineral fertilizers to meet the nutritional needs of crops could be an inevitable choice in sustainable agriculture. Combined application of cow manure (CM), lime, and mineral organic fertilizer (HCK 423) aims to reduce the use of inorganic fertilizers and environmental pollution and ensure sustainable crop production in agriculture. This study evaluated the impact of lime, CM, and HCK 423 with NPK fertilizers on the growth, development, yield, and quality of rice OM7347. The experiment was carried out during the winter–spring and summer–autumn crops in 2022–2023. The field research had eight treatments for both crops and four replications. In the winter–spring crop, different rates of lime, CM, and HCK 423 included the control-P1 (NPK: 80 kg N-40 kg P-40 kg K/ha), P2 (1.0 t CaCO3/ha), P3 (500 kg HCK 423/ha), and P4 (10 t CM/ha). On the previous treatment base of winter–spring crop, we applied four treatments (P5, P6, P7, and P8) to the summer–autumn crop using the NPK. The novelty of the study was that the combined or individual application of CM, lime, and HCK 423 with NPK fertilizer increased soil fertility, yield, and quality of OM7347 rice, all higher than the control in the first season. Furthermore, CM and lime applied in the previous season increased the rice yield and quality in the next season with only chemical fertilizer application compared with control treatments. The addition of 10 t CM/ha with 80 kg N-40 kg P-40 kg K/ha yielded the highest values of the yield components, yields, protein, and lipid in rice in the summer–autumn crop. Particularly, comparing the highest yields of the winter–spring crop with the highest yields of the summer–autumn crop, treatment P4 was 28.1% higher than treatment P8 in the summer–autumn crop. The efficiency of CM, mineral fertilizer, and lime significantly changed from winter–spring crop to summer–autumn crop.


Keywords: cow manure; lime; HCK 423; rice OM7347; quality



Download Full Text:



ANTRIYANDARTI E. Constraints of farm size enlargement in the rice sector of Central Java: a case study. Bulgarian Journal Agriculture Science, 2018, 24(6), 949–958.

WELDEGEBRIAL G, EMENTA H, PHIL-EZE P O. Determinants of smallholder farmers’ adoption of adaptation strategies to climate change in Eastern Tigray National Regional State of Ethiopia. Heliyon, 2020, 6(7), e04356.

NING C C, GAO P D, WANG B Q, et al. Impacts of chemical fertilizer reduction and organic amendments supplementation on soil nutrient, enzyme activity and heavy metal content. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2017, 16, 1819–1831.

BOLAN N S, DURAISAMY V P. Role of inorganic and organic soil amendments on immobilization and phytoavailability of heavy metals: a review involving specific case studies. Australian Journal of Soil Research, 2015, 41(3), 533–555.

VAN CHUONG N. Amendment of chicken manure in association with Rhizobium Sp. inoculant affected on quality and yield of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Journal of Jilin University (Engineering and Technology Edition), 2023, 42, 593–603.

GOULDING K W T. Soil acidification and the importance of liming agricultural soils with particular reference to the United Kingdom. Soil Use and Management, 2016, 32, 390–399.

AYALEW A. The influence of applying lime and NPK fertilizers on yield of maize and soil properties on acid soil of Areka, Southern Region of Ethiopia. Innovative Systems Design and Engineering, 2011, 2(7), 33–42.

JAFER D G, HAILU G. Application of lime for acid soil amelioration and better soybean performance in SouthWestern Ethiopia. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, 2017, 7(5), 95–100.

NDUWUMUREMYI A. Soil acidification and lime quality: sources of soil acidity, effects on plant nutrients, efficiency of lime and liming requirements. Research & Reviews: Journal of Agriculture and Allied Sciences, 2013, 2(4), 26–34.

HOLLAND J E, BENNETT A E, NEWTON A C, et al. Liming impacts on soils, crops and biodiversity in the UK: a review. Science of the Total Environment, 2018, 610–611, 316–332.

SANJAY S, MAURYA A. Critical limits of soil available phosphorus for rapeseed (Brassica campestris VAR. toria) in acidic soils of Meghalaya. Journal of Experimental Biology and Agricultural Sciences, 2018, 6(4), 732–738.

PARADELO R, VIRTO I, CHENU C. Net effect of liming on soil organic carbon stocks: a review. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 2015, 202, 98–107.

ISLAM M S, KHATUN M K, HAFEEZ A G, et al. The effect of zinc fertilization and cow dung on sterility and quantitative traits of rice. Journal of Aridland Agriculture, 2021, 7, 60–67.

SINGH S, SANJAY-SWAMI. Soil acidity parameters and temporal nutrient availability as influenced by Azolla incorporation in acid Inceptisol of Meghalaya. Journal of Natural Resource Conservation and Management, 2020, 1(1), 7–14.

SANJAY S, SINGH S. Effect of nitrogen application through urea and Azolla on yield, nutrient uptake of rice and soil acidity indices in acidic soil of Meghalaya. Journal of Environmental Biology, 2020, 41(1), 139–146.

NGUYEN V C. Effects of alternate wetting and drying irrigation and different ratios of lime on the arsenic uptake and yield of rice OM18. Annals of the Romanian Society for Cell Biology, 2021, 25(4), 20396–20405.

ULLAH S, ALI I, LIANG H, et al. An approach to sustainable agriculture by untangling the fate of contrasting nitrogen sources in double-season rice grown with and without biochar. GCB Bioenergy: Bioproducts for a Sustainable Bioeconomy, 2021, 13(3), 382–392.

NGUYEN V C, TRANG K B. Soil chemical properties and maize (Zea mays L.) yield influenced by lime and fern (Pteris vittata). Walailak Journal of Science and Technology, 2021, 18(18), 10025.

ULLAH S, LIANG H, ALI I, et al. Biochar coupled with contrasting nitrogen sources mediated changes in carbon and nitrogen pools, microbial and enzymatic activity in paddy soil. Journal of Saudi Chemical Society, 2020, 24(11), 835–849.

NGUYEN A T, NGUYEN V C. The growth, productivity and quality of peanuts improved by four different rates of poultry manure and Rhizobia inoculant. The Seybold Report, 2022, 17(8), 160–168.

VAN CHUONG N. The influences of lime and irrigation water on arsenic accumulation of rice, maize and mungbean in the nethouse condition. Communications in Science and Technology, 2021, 6(2), 101–106.

ARIF M, ILYAS M, RIAZ M, et al. Biochar improves phosphorus use efficiency of organic-inorganic fertilizers, maize-wheat productivity and soil quality in a low fertility alkaline soil. Field Crops Research, 2017, 214, 25–37.

NAEEM M A, KHALID M, AON M, et al. Combined application of biochar with compost and fertilizer improves soil properties and grain yield of maize. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 2018, 41(1), 112–122.

SINGH R, SINGH P, SINGH H, et al. Impact of sole and combined application of biochar, organic and chemical fertilizers on wheat crop yield and water productivity in a dry tropical agro-ecosystem. Biochar, 2019, 1, 229–235.

IQBAL A, HE L, ALI I, et al. Manure combined with chemical fertilizer increases rice productivity by improving soil health, post-anthesis biomass yield, and nitrogen metabolism. PLoS ONE, 2020, 15(10), e0238934.

MITU A S, KHAN M A, RASHED M R U. Effect of fertilizer manure and lime on growth and yield of Boro rice in acidic red soil. Agricultural Research & Technology: Open Access Journal, 2017, 5(5), 555675.

ZHANG J, ZHOU Y, WU L, et al. The Yield-forming role of nitrogen in rice in the growing seasons with variable thermal conditions. Agronomy, 2023, 13(2), 313.

ASSOCIATION OFFICIAL ANALYTICAL CHEMISTS. Official methods of analysis. 13th ed. Washington, DC, 1980.

BRAY R H, KURTZ L T. Determination of total organic and available forms of phosphorus in soils. Soil Science, 1945, 59, 39–45.

HOQUE T S, JAHAN I, ISLAM M R, et al. Performance of different organic fertilizers in improving growth and yield of Boro rice. SAARC Journal of Agriculture, 2018, 16(2), 153–166.

ZHOU H, XIA D, HE Y. Rice grain quality-traditional traits for high quality rice and health-plus substances. Molecular Breeding, 2020, 40, 1.

BARŁÓG P, HLISNIKOVSKÝ L, KUNZOVÁ E. Effect of digestate on soil organic carbon and plant-available nutrient content compared to cattle slurry and mineral fertilization. Agronomy, 2020, 10(3), 379.

KAKAR K, XUAN T D, ABDIANI S, et al. Morphological observation and correlation of growth and yield characteristics with grain quality and antioxidant activities in exotic rice varieties of Afghanistan. Agriculture, 2019, 9(8), 167.


  • There are currently no refbacks.