Utilization of Rice Straws as Feed for Beef Cattle during the Dry Season in Merauke Regency, South Papua, Indonesia
Shortage of forages for ruminants was the main challenge faced by farmers, particularly in areas with a longer dry period of approximately 5–6 months, such as Merauke Regency, South Papua Province, Indonesia. Much research has been conducted to study the use of rice straw as feed for beef cattle in other provinces of Indonesia. However, there has been no research in Merauke Regency yet. On the other hand, this regency is central to food crop development, especially rice. Therefore, there are abundant numbers of by-products from rice cultivation that are unutilized, such as rice straws. This study examined the effect of different proportions of fermented rice straw as an alternative source of feed for beef cattle during the dry season. This study was conducted in Merauke Regency during the dry season from July to October 2020. The research design involved fifteen crossbred Ongole beef cattle owned by local farmers. The study employed a completely randomized block design (CRBD) with three treatments and five replications. The research findings indicated that feed treatments significantly influenced dry matter intake (DMI) at a significance level of P < 0.05 between treatments P2 and P1, as well as between P3 and P1. However, treatments P2 and P3 exhibited no statistically significant difference (P > 0.05). The provision of supplementary feed substantially enhanced the average daily gain (ADG), with significant effects observed between treatments P2 and P1 and between P3 and P1 (P < 0.05). Conversely, the effect between treatments P2 and P3 was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). The maintenance system with treatment P3 appeared to be more profitable than treatments P2 and P1. On average, treatment P3 yielded a profit of Rp 9,798,333, whereas treatments P2 and P1 yielded Rp 9,143,333 and Rp 8,147,333, respectively. The calculated benefit–cost ratios (BCRs) for treatments P3, P2, and P1 were 1.33, 1.32, and 1.29, respectively. This study applied different proportions of feed intake according to the local specific conditions, which provided a lesson for other regencies with similar local specific contexts, such as Merauke Regency.
Keywords: rice straws; beef cattle; dry season
Download Full Text:PDF
RAUF A W, ATEKAN, JAMIL A, et al. Rice paddy integration study - cows supporting Primatani in Merauke Regency. Papua Agriculture Technology Research Center, 2006.
HARYANTO B, INOUNU I, BUDIARSANA I G M, et al. Rice-livestock integration system. Jakarta: Agriculture Department, Agricultural Research and Development Agency, 2002.
MERAUKE CENTRAL BUREAU OF STATISTICS. Kurik District in numbers, 2019.
DIWYANTO K, HARIYANTO B. Crop livestock system to accelerate rice and livestock production. Wartazoa, 2002, 12(1), 1–8.
HARYANTO B, INOUNU I, BUDIARSANA I G M, et al. Technical guidelines for rice-livestock integration (SIPT). Jakarta: Agriculture Department, Agricultural Research and Development Agency, 2003.
PRIARSO Y. Body weight and body size of calves of Generation I and Generation II of Simmental and Ongole breeds from birth to three months of age. Undergraduate thesis. Yogyakarta: Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Gadjah Mada University, 2005.
PARAKKASI A. Nutrition science and ruminant animal feed. Jakarta: University of Indonesia, 1999.
ENDRAWATI E. Performance of Ongole and Simmental cross-breed cows with forage and concentrates, overview of aspects of feed consumption and digestibility. Thesis. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Postgraduate Program, 2010.
HASBULLAH J. E. Growth and reproduction performance of Simmental cows with Ongole and Ongole breeds in Bantul Regency, Yogyakarta Special Region. Thesis, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Gadjah Mada University, 2003.
MINSON D J. Forage in ruminant nutrition. San Diego, CA: Academic Press, 1990.
DAVIES Z S, MASON D, BROOKS A E, et al. An automated system for measuring gas production from forage inoculated with rumen fluid and its use in determining the effect of enzymes on grass silage. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 1990, 83, 205–221.
YUDITH T A. Utilization of palm fronds and by-products of the oil palm industry on the growth of Simmental Peranakan cows in the growth phase. Education Department, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, The University of Northern Sumatra, 2010.
BASUNI R, MULADNO, KUSMANA C, et al. Integration system of paddy-beef cattle in paddy fields. Food Crop Science and Technology, 2010, 5(1).
SIREGAR S B. Ruminant ration. Jakarta: Penebar Swadaya, 1994.
CAMPBELL J R, KENEALY M D, CAMPBELL K L. Animal sciences. 4th ed. New York: McGraw Hill, 2006.
WIDYANINGRUM Y, PAMUNGKAS D, KOTE M, et al. Growth of male Bali cattle in dryland agro-ecosystem of East Nusa Tenggara. In: Proceedings of the National Seminar on Animal and Veterinary Technology, 2013.
USMAN Y, SARI E, FADILLA N. Evaluasi Pertambahan Bobot Badan Sapi Aceh Jantan yang Diberi Imbangan Antara Hijauan dan Konsentrat di Balai Pembibitan Ternak Unggul Indrapuri. Jurnal Agripet, 2013, 13(2), 41–46.
MERAUKE REGENCY FOOD CROPS AGRICULTURE OFFICE. Annual report, 2016.
- There are currently no refbacks.